Five Steps You Can Take Towards Longevity

July 10, 2024

longetivity

By Michelle Ricker, RDN, Director, Worldwide Health Education and Training at Herbalife and Chair of the Herbalife Dietetic Advisory Board

Bidding farewell to a year that brought us more TikTok wellness advice, an abundance of processed fake meats, and inundated us with news on weight-loss injectables, the pursuit of a fulfilling and enduring life has become more desirable than ever. 

Longevity is not just about adding years to our life, but ensuring those years are vibrant, active, and deeply satisfying. Here are four practical healthy lifestyle habits to inspire you to continue making healthy choices that promote growth, longevity, and overall well-being.

Walk After Your Meals

Don’t underestimate the benefits of straight-up walking for overall health. Not only does this improve cardiovascular fitness, but it also strengthens bones and muscles. 

According to Michelle Ricker, RDN, Director, Worldwide Health Education and Training at Herbalife and Chair of the Herbalife Dietic Board, “Studies* show that light exercise, such as going for a five to ten minute walk following a meal, can aide in digestion and lower blood sugar. Post-meal walks are therefore a secret weapon for boosting metabolism and overall weight management.”

Regular brisk walking combined with healthy eating is extremely effective for weight loss, when overall energy output exceeds caloric intake. Walking also aids in the reduction of visceral fat, also known as belly or abdominal fat, which is particularly hazardous to one’s health. In fact, recent research published by the Journal of American College of Cardiology found that walking 800-10,000 steps per day cuts your risk of dying (all-cause mortality) by more than 50%.

Embrace the Power of Resistance Training

An increasing number of studies such as one published in the National Library of Medicine, are highlighting the importance of resistance training for overall physical health and how keeping and building lean muscle is key to longevity and a functioning metabolism. 

Michelle Ricker highlights that “As we age, our bodies begin to lose muscle mass. This effect does not only decrease our strength, but it also begins to decrease our bone density, as our muscles are the support structure for our bones. By adding resistance training, and subsequent lean muscle mass, we not only support our bones, but we also will burn more calories at rest since muscle burns more than fat-- another key to a strong metabolism.”

One could implement resistance training into their daily routine in a straightforward manner by performing push-ups, beginning with wall push-ups and progressing to the floor as their strength increases.

It has been demonstrated that resistance training and promoting muscle protein synthesis are excellent predictors of longevity. Researchers have found that it can combat common age-related physological changes like strength and declingin muscle mass, increase bone density, as well as reduction of body fat and the promotion of cognitive function.

Eat Your Protein

One of the biggest reasons to eat protein is that muscle mass decreases approximately 3-8% per decade after the age of 30 and this rate of decline is even higher after the age of 60.

It’s true that you need adequate protein in order to build lean muscle. But eating more protein alone won’t cause you to develop more muscle; resistance exercise is needed to target those muscles.

The process of muscle repair and growth (also known as muscle protein synthesis) occurs as your body recovers from a bout of exercise, and taking in about 20-30 grams of high quality protein after a strength-training workout and at each meal is one of the best way to promote muscle growth.

Having a good lean body or muscle mass more specifically, helps protect against bones becoming weaker or thinner. The body uses amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein, for muscle repair and recovery. A high quality protein is preferential for the body for this process. Some great protein sources are meat, chicken, fish, eggs, soy, whey and caseine.

Take Care of Your Gut

Despite its vital importance, gut health remains one of the least discussed aspects of body maintenance The term “gut health” pertains to the presence of a well-functioning microbiome in the small and large intestines, as well as the absence of excessive digestive symptoms.

As we progress through life, there are a lot of things that can breakdown our microbiome. Some major factors include stress, eating sugar, fried foods, processed foods, and taking antibotics. 

It is important to rebuild our healthy gut, as it helps us by boosting our metabolism, keeping a healthy digestion, and aids in immune health since 70-80% of our immune cells are present in the gut.

According to Michelle Ricker “Taking a probiotic daily, eating variety of high fiber fruits and vegetables, fermented food, or yogurt are some of the ways that we can rebuild and repair our gut health. For immune health benefit, check the probiotic product strain and substantiation for this effect.” 

Seek Support

Another key aspect of longevity is seeking support. Joining a community or seeking support on your journey towards longevity will inspire you to unleash your creativity and meet your goals. For one thing, personal connection fosters motivation, making it more likely for you to adhere to healthy lifestyle habits and deliver results. A supportive environment also provides the opportunity to share experiences, access to diverse perspectives and can help you discover what works best for your unique goals. 

Longevity isn’t just about individual efforts, it thrives on connection, communal encouragement and creating a foundation for a healthier and more fulfuilling life. 

Michele Ricker concludes by reminding readers that “One can derive significant advantages from embracing a holistic approach to well-being that prioritizes physical activity, good nutrition, and meaningful connections with others. I encourage you to start a journey towards enduring well-being by incorporating these steps into your daily routine.”

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So, you hit your head? Get it checked!

July 08, 2024

traumatic brain injury

MakatiMed says no injury is too minor to take to a specialist 

When British actor Natasha Richardson fell and hit her head during a beginner’s skiing lesson in Quebec, Canada in 2009, she didn’t give the mishap a second thought. After reportedly refusing medical attention twice, she gave in when she developed a headache and other worrisome symptoms. Transported to a hospital in Montreal, she was placed in the intensive care unit and pronounced brain dead. With not much left to do for her, her husband, fellow actor Liam Neeson flew her home to New York to be with family and friends. She passed away soon after. 

Like Richardson, most of us would probably forgo a trip to the hospital when we accidentally bang our head in a fall or get hit by a hard object. “When we injure our arm or leg, we can see it through a bruise, wound, bump, or fracture,” says Cymbeline B. Perez-Santiago, MD, Chief of the Section of Neurology of the top hospital in the Philippines Makati Medical Center (MakatiMed). “But traumatic brain injury (TBI), or a sudden external force strong enough to move the brain within the skull, isn’t always visible.” 

TBI can range from a mild and temporary bruise, wound, or tender bump on the head, to more serious and life-threatening conditions. “A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that leaves you feeling dazed and with a headache, neck pain, or changes in vision,” explains Dr. Perez-Santiago. “A contusion refers to bleeding in the brain substance or parenchyma, like a bruise of the brai8 tissue. A skull fracture means you cracked your skull bone, and the sharp broken bones could cut into your brain or an artery, resulting in a pooling of blood that presses against your brain.” 

This pooling of blood is known as hematoma, and it can happen instantly upon impact to the head, or after several days and even weeks. Active bleeding can put pressure on the brain. “This puts you at risk for potential brain damage and even death,” adds Dr. Perez-Santiago. 

For MakatiMed, no head injury is too minor or insignificant to take to a specialist. “Because some damage caused by a head injury happens over time, it’s still recommended that you see your doctor within a week of the accident. That way, they can request for follow-up imaging tests, check for new symptoms, or gauge whether existing symptoms have worsened or improved,” highlights Dr. Perez-Santiago. 

If the head injury is minor: “Sit or lie comfortably with the head slightly elevated. Apply an ice pack on the injured site, and clean any surface wound with water and a wound disinfectant. Give an over-the-counter pain reliever in case of a headache,” says Dr. Perez-Santiago. “A person with a head injury doesn’t necessarily have to stay awake at all times, but make sure he or she can be woken up gently and respond in a normal way.” 

If the head injury includes the following symptoms: “Vomiting, headaches and dizziness, double vision, confusion, memory loss, difficulty keeping awake, balance problems, trouble hearing and speaking, and pain that doesn’t go away even after taking a pain reliever are signs of a more serious injury,” notes Dr. Perez-Santiago. “Time is of the essence. Go to the nearest emergency room immediately.” 

If the head injury presents symptoms days or weeks after the accident: “See your doctor as soon as possible for persistent headaches and nausea, memory and balance issues, one-sided weakness, disorientation, contusions, and increase in drowsiness,” asserts Dr. Perez-Santiago. “These are red flags that strongly indicate complications following the head injury.” 

“Again, after you hit your head, it’s best to see a neurologist who can assess your condition and avert any problems that may arise from what you assumed was a minor accident,” reminds Dr. Perez-Santiago. 

For more information, please contact MakatiMed On-Call at +632.88888 999, email mmc@makatimed.net.ph, or visit www.makatimed.net.ph.
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Embrace Digestive Wellness This Nutrition Month

June 27, 2024

healthy digestive system

Enhance your digestive system with balanced nutrition and key supplements for a healthier lifestyle

As we celebrate Nutrition Month this July, it's the perfect time to shine a spotlight on the importance of proper nutrition and maintaining a healthy digestive system. Good digestive health is vital for overall well-being, and it starts with what we choose to nourish our bodies with. But in our busy lives, achieving the ideal balance of nutrients from food alone can be a challenge. 

Case in point, the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2022 report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) highlights the difficulties people face in accessing a healthy diet. The report reveals that in 2020, approximately 3 billion people worldwide do not follow a healthy and nutritious diet. 

In the Philippines, studies have also shown that many adults do not meet the recommended daily intake of essential nutrients. For instance, the World Bank report on undernutrition in the Philippines indicates significant gaps in nutrient intake among the population, contributing to the country's concern for undernutrition. Additionally, research published in the Nutrition Journal points out that Filipino adults often consume diets lacking in important nutrients, which correlates with increased risks of diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, among others. 

The Role of Digestive Wellness

Digestive wellness isn't just about avoiding discomfort after meals—it's the key that unlocks the goodness in your food. A well-functioning digestive system breaks down food efficiently, allowing your body to absorb vital nutrients. These nutrients power one’s energy, immunity, and mental well-being. Thus, a poor digestive system can leave you feeling like you're putting in the effort but not getting the results. Even the most nutritious meals may not be fully utilized if your body struggles to absorb them.

Fuel Your Body Right

Nutrition plays a pivotal role in supporting one’s digestive health. Eating a well-balanced diet rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals helps keep your digestive tract running smoothly. Think of your body as a car: without the right fuel, it won’t run efficiently. The same goes for your digestive system - it needs the right nutrients to keep you going strong.

However, despite our best efforts, several diets often fall short. This is where specific supplements come into play. They bridge the nutritional gaps, ensuring our bodies get what they need to function optimally. In fact, according to a report by Vero and Decision Lab, at least 70% of Millennials and 60% of Gen Z say they take vitamins and supplements regularly, with 75.5% of Gen Z and 85% of Millennials using supplements to help boost immunity.

Supplements: Your Digestive Health Allies

While we should aim to get most of our nutrients from food, the reality is that it’s not always possible. Busy schedules, resorting to processed and fatty foods, and even certain cooking methods can reduce the nutrient content of our meals. This is why supplements are important to help fill in the nutritional gaps and maintain digestive health.

For instance, digestive enzyme supplements can help break down food more effectively, making it easier for your body to absorb nutrients. Similarly, probiotics introduce beneficial bacteria to your gut, supporting a healthy microbiome and improving digestion.

Embrace the Benefits of Digestive Enzymes and Probiotics

Digestive enzymes and probiotics are essential in your journey to better digestive health. LAC GastroRx Digest Enzymes, a plant-based formula rich in enzymes from fermented fruit and vegetable extracts, enhances nutrient absorption and supports healthy digestion. Ideal for those experiencing age-related or stress-induced indigestion, these enzymes improve the release of macro and micro-nutrients from food. It also comes in powdered sticks form, offering a convenient way to take in digestive enzymes and well-studied probiotic strains that are vital for gut wellness. 

Additionally, LAC Probiotics Complex 25B CFUs capsules, made with ingredients such as Lactobacillus Casei and Lactobacillus Paracasei, Lactobacillus Crispatus, Lactobacillus Rhamnosus Lactobacillus Fermentum, and Lactobacillus Acidophilus which help fight against harmful bacteria and reduce food intolerance while breaking down food better and promote absorption of nutrients, promote gastrointestinal health, and also boost immunity. 

By keeping ourselves in check when it comes to proper nutrition and incorporating these supplements, we can maintain peak digestive health even amidst our hectic lifestyles. Remember, a healthy gut means a happier you—let’s make digestive wellness a priority this Nutrition Month and beyond.
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Skip, skip to the loo for extra number twos? It shouldn’t be a cause for concern, MakatiMed assures


Nature’s call is hard to deny, especially if it’s number two! This is why we know the malls and gasoline stations with the best comfort rooms—we need that reliable flush and bidet for the extra trip. One can’t help but wonder: is my twice-a-day-or-more bathroom habit something to panic about? 

Carlo M. Cornejo, MD, Section Chief of Gastroenterology in the top hospital in the Philippines Makati Medical Center (MakatiMed) says there’s no need to panic—just yet. 

“First, there’s really no absolute standard for how often one should poop. Most experts agree healthy bowel movement frequency can range from three times a day to three times a week, depending on the person,” says Dr. Cornejo. “Any changes to this frequency can be caused by a number of dietary and lifestyle factors.”

In fact, pooping more often might be a sign of a healthier body. One of the most common reasons for an increase in bowel movements is due to more fiber intake from vegetables like carrots, broccoli, and beets. Even exercising more causes frequent trips to the bathroom as it helps digestion and makes colon muscles contract more, which helps move stools regularly. 

“Eating more fiber and working out are actually things doctors recommend if a patient is constipated. In some cases, pooping more often should be welcomed,” adds Dr. Cornejo. 

Other causes for pooping more might just be simple lifestyle factors such as being stressed and frequently drinking coffee. “If you’re stressed out at work then neurotransmitters send signals from the brain to the gut, which may cause the gut to alter your digestion,” explains Dr. Cornejo. “It doesn’t help that many people cope with stress by turning to coffee. One extra cup is enough to cause more movement and muscle contraction in the intestines.”

So, when is pooping more a sign of a serious problem? MakatiMed says to watch out for discomforts like abdominal cramps and pain, bloody stool, and mucus in poop. You should also stay vigilant for possible accompanying symptoms like weight and hair loss. These could be signs of more serious underlying conditions ranging from gastroenteritis to Crohn’s disease. 

“Pooping more frequently shouldn’t be anything more than a mild inconvenience at most. You should still be able to go through your daily life largely unaffected,” shares Dr. Cornejo. “As soon as there’s a sign of anything else going on, I highly recommend visiting your doctor before the problem gets worse.”

For more information, please contact MakatiMed On-Call at +632.88888 999, email mmc@makatimed.net.ph, or visit www.makatimed.net.ph. Follow @IamMakatiMed on Facebook and Twitter.

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Is your online lover too good to be true? Know the red flags of a love scammer

June 24, 2024


Dating in the digital age has become easier with so many apps and services to choose from. By the end of 2023, it was reported that 441 million people were using dating apps actively, generating around $8.7 billion in revenues globally through matchmaking services.

The appeal of dating apps is that you’re not limited by geography. You can meet people online in your city or in another country; you get to see how they look like from their profiles; find out their interests; and if you begin chatting, you can judge if you’re compatible enough to go on a first date.

Many Filipinos have fallen victim to romance scams, among other fakery proliferating online. Now there’s a Facebook page that crowdsources information and experiences so that you can be more aware about scams. Called Online Alerto, it’s a Facebook community page dedicated to the dissemination of invaluable insights, resources, and strategies related to digital literacy, cybersecurity, and responsible online behavior.

Acting as a collaborative platform, it facilitates members in validating their online purchases and transactions while fostering an environment where personal experiences are exchanged to help enhance online safety and awareness among all members. Online Alerto is absolutely free—all you need to do is join the community page to raise your own awareness about cybercrimes.

While identity theft and hacking are the leading cybercrimes globally, love scams are rapidly on the rise. In Southeast Asia, these crimes have two victims: those deceived by the scam and those that are trafficked into doing the scams.

Online Alerto has pooled resources on the internet for warnings and tips on avoiding love scams. 

Avoid these red flags


  • The person expresses strong emotions and love for you very quickly, often within days or weeks of initial contact.
  • They quickly ask you to leave a dating service or social media site to communicate directly on WhatsApp or SMS, where they can manipulate you more easily.
  • If an individual attempts to isolate you from friends and family or requests inappropriate photos or financial information, they could later blackmail you or extort money from you.
  • When you make plans to meet in person, they always come up with an excuse why they can’t.
  • They ask for money for various reasons such as travel expenses, medical emergencies, or business opportunities. This is often the biggest and most obvious red flag. 
  • They tell you stories to elicit sympathy, such as being widowed, having a sick child, or facing some urgent crisis.
  • They ask you many personal questions, but they avoid sharing their personal details or give information that cannot be verified such as a home address or workplace.
What scammers say to hook you in

"I or someone close to me is sick, hurt, or in jail."

"I can teach you how to invest."

"I'm in the military far away."

"I need help with an important delivery."

"We've never met, but let's talk about marriage."

"I've come into some money or gold."

"I'm on an oil rig or ship."

"You can trust me with your private pictures."

Ways to protect yourself

  • Reverse search the person’s photo by using online searches like Google Images.
  • Be careful what you post and make public online. Scammers use details shared on social media and dating sites to better understand and target you.
  • Maintain a healthy level of skepticism, especially if things seem too good to be true.
  • Suggest a video call early in your communication.
  • Check their social media profiles for consistency with what they've told you. Look for a reasonable number of friends, photos, and posts over time. A lack of social media presence or a newly created profile can be a red flag.
  • If you decide to meet in person, choose a public place and inform a friend or family member about your plans. Ensure the person you meet matches their online presence.
  • Some dating apps offer identity verification features, like blue checkmarks, to indicate users who have verified their identity through the app.
Join Online Alerto on Facebook to better protect yourself from romance and other scams and learn from other people’s experiences.

 

 

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Camella, A Brand Built on a Foundation of Life-Long Dreams

June 23, 2024

                             Camella communities are built with amenities, like play parks, that foster lifelong connections.

In 1977, a vision grew from a newly founded gravel and sand company, laying the foundation for what would become a leading force in the national building sector. 

As the enterprise expanded into construction and property development, it became clear that its ultimate mission was to enable every Filipino to call a home of their own. Capitalizing on its growing real estate operations, the company aimed to turn these long-held dreams into reality. The focus shifted to serving hardworking kababayans, particularly the Overseas Filipinos (OFs)—the nation's unsung heroes.

Recognizing the potential to harness economies of scale and a network of construction experts and suppliers, the strategy evolved from building individual homes to developing entire housing communities. This approach facilitated the creation of cost-effective, high-quality homes. By offering homes with uniform designs and amenities, many Filipinos who once considered homeownership out of reach saw their dreams realized. This innovation led to the creation of Communities Philippines, which eventually became one of the most cherished and largest home builders in the country, Camella.

Built on Dreams and Building Legacies

With nearly five decades of expertise, Camella has built a solid foundation for creating high-quality homes.

This vision has developed into more than 200 communities dotting the archipelago, where dreams continue to evolve and take on deeper meaning. Today, Camella represents more than the realization of lifelong ambitions; it symbolizes the creation of family legacies. These homes are not just structures but receptacles of years of memories, adventures, and conversations. They are treasures shared across multiple generations, carrying the imprint of each individual and family that has lived within their walls, spanning from the last five decades to the hope of many more tomorrows.

Camella, the most recognizable name in Philippine real estate, has become synonymous with homes across the country and is intricately woven into the national consciousness. This narrative was born at the meeting of two essential elements: the Filipino collectivist culture and the fundamental belief that homes are cornerstones of many family legacies. Camella is a dedication for every Filipino who wishes to own a home in a community that champions the values they uphold and what the family holds true––through each generation.

Wherever They Want to Live

The most beautiful thing Camella has created through the decades are the endearing memories in the hearts of Camella families.

Camella has committed to realizing the vision of turning Filipino dreams of homeownership into reality while crafting spaces where cherished memories can be created and preserved for many generations. In doing so, the company also embraces every homeowner's desire to settle in any part of the country they choose. Whether driven by tradition, employment opportunities, or simply the beauty and charm of the location, Camella has established communities that cater to these aspirations.

Consequently, the brand has expanded across the country farther than any other. Having the widest geographic reach was essential from the outset, building communities in the exact locations where Filipinos wish to reside—places where they feel more at ease, believe they can lead their best lives, and where they can relish in cherished memories—where they truly feel at home.

Camella believes that the lives of its homebuyers encompass not just their residences but extend into their neighborhoods

Understanding the ethos behind Camella is crucial, especially the philosophy that a home is not limited to the walls of its structure but includes the whole community in which one resides. Every Camella community is crafted with purposely built spaces where neighbors can gather and connect. Features include clubhouses with function halls and al fresco seating, swimming pools to cool off in the tropical heat, play areas, sports courts, jogging paths, piazzas, and parks. These spaces invite residents to step outside and engage in activities, conversations, and playdates, all set within beautifully landscaped surroundings. Camella aims to foster a sense of belonging among its residents, making them feel "I belong here."

Building Up to 50 with Five Pillars

With Camella approaching its 50th year, the company will also celebrate half a century of building homes and communities that make every Filipino family's dream real. 

The longevity of Camella as a preferred housing brand is anchored in its five brand aspirations. These ideals shape every aspect of operations, from day-to-day functions to long-term pursuits, laying the groundwork for lasting success. 

Camella has built homes that realize the dream of ownership for every Filipino family.


Dream Communities. Each Camella development is a themed neighborhood featuring landscapes inspired by the most beautiful places in the world. Camella holds the view that the true home of its residents goes beyond the walls of their individual houses, embracing the broader neighborhood and community as integral parts of their living space.

Convenience and Accessibility. Camella strategically builds its communities near the center of progressive cities. It understands the importance of safety and security in tranquil environments and having easy access to urban conveniences offered, allowing the residents to experience life and pursue their goals in ways of their choosing. 

Safety and Security. At the forefront of community planning is the integration of safety and security measures within every Camella neighborhood. The company upholds that homeowners deserve to live in environments where they feel secure and at ease, enabling them to unwind and address their concerns without worries.

Wise Investment. Each Camella home built is an investment that appreciates through time and grows with the families living there.

Value for Money. Camella builds dream environments, spaces, and amenities that enhance the lives of its homeowners, both now and in the future, ensuring they are entitled to the full value of their investments. In Camella, every family finds the upgraded lifestyle they have been seeking in their communities, leading to the fulfillment of their dreams. 

The journey spanning five decades from a gravel and sand company to becoming a household name has been remarkable. What stands out even more is the capacity to grow and evolve like Camella has done while staying true to the core mission of providing a home for every Filipino family. Over the years, Camella has seamlessly combined the aspirations of its founding principles with the evolving desires of the Filipino families it serves, continuing to deeply resonate with its community.

After all, that is precisely why Camella is here––and why it keeps building.

Learn more about Camella here: https://www.camella.com.ph/.

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Understanding Chronic Kidney Disease: Symptoms, Causes, and Management

June 22, 2024

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a long-term condition characterized by the gradual loss of kidney function over time. The kidneys are vital organs responsible for filtering waste and excess fluids from the blood, which are then excreted through urine. When the kidneys are impaired, waste products can accumulate to dangerous levels, potentially leading to serious health issues. This article delves into the symptoms, causes, and management of CKD, aiming to provide comprehensive information for better understanding and effective management.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

CKD often progresses slowly and may not show noticeable symptoms in its early stages. As the disease advances, individuals may experience:
  • Fatigue and Weakness: Due to the buildup of waste products in the body.
  • Swelling (Edema): Especially in the legs, ankles, feet, and hands, caused by fluid retention.
  • Changes in Urination: Such as increased frequency, especially at night, or reduced urine output.
  • Shortness of Breath: As a result of fluid buildup in the lungs.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Due to the accumulation of toxins in the body.
  • Persistent Itching: Resulting from waste buildup in the blood.
  • Chest Pain: If fluid builds up around the lining of the heart.
  • High Blood Pressure: Difficult to control with medication.
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

CKD can result from a variety of factors, with the most common being:
  • Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage the kidneys over time.
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Puts extra strain on the blood vessels in the kidneys.
  • Glomerulonephritis: Inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units (glomeruli).
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease: A genetic disorder causing cysts to grow in the kidneys.
  • Repeated Kidney Infections: Such as pyelonephritis, which can lead to long-term damage.
  • Obstructions in the Urinary Tract: Conditions like kidney stones or an enlarged prostate.
  • Autoimmune Diseases: Such as lupus, which can affect the kidneys.
Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease

CKD is classified into five stages based on the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which measures how well the kidneys are filtering blood:

Stage 1: Normal or high GFR (≥90 mL/min) with some signs of kidney damage.
Stage 2: Mild decrease in GFR (60-89 mL/min) with kidney damage.
Stage 3: Moderate decrease in GFR (30-59 mL/min).
Stage 4: Severe decrease in GFR (15-29 mL/min).
Stage 5: Kidney failure (GFR <15 mL/min), requiring dialysis or transplant.

Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease

Early detection of CKD is crucial for effective management. Diagnosis typically involves:

Blood Tests: To check for levels of waste products like creatinine and urea.
Urine Tests: To detect abnormalities such as protein or blood in the urine.
Imaging Tests: Such as ultrasound or CT scan to assess kidney structure and size.
Kidney Biopsy: In some cases, to identify the cause of kidney damage.

Management and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease

While there is no cure for CKD, management focuses on slowing its progression and addressing symptoms:

Medications: To control underlying conditions like diabetes and hypertension, and to treat symptoms like swelling and high cholesterol.

Lifestyle Changes: Including a balanced diet low in sodium, regular exercise, and quitting smoking.

Dialysis: For advanced CKD (Stage 5), dialysis is required to artificially remove waste from the blood.

Kidney Transplant: In severe cases, a kidney transplant may be necessary.
Preventive Measures

Preventing CKD involves managing risk factors and maintaining a healthy lifestyle:

Regular Monitoring: For individuals with diabetes or hypertension, regular kidney function tests are essential.

Healthy Diet: Rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low in processed foods.

Exercise: Regular physical activity to maintain a healthy weight and blood pressure.

Avoid NSAIDs: Limit use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs which can harm kidneys.

Chronic Kidney Disease is a serious condition that requires timely diagnosis and proactive management to slow its progression and maintain quality of life. By understanding its symptoms, causes, and treatment options, individuals can take informed steps towards managing CKD effectively. Regular medical check-ups, a healthy lifestyle, and adherence to treatment plans are crucial in managing this chronic condition.
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